អត្ថបទមួយនេះនឹងធ្វើការរៀបរាប់ជាភាសាអង់គ្លេស ដោយផ្តោតលើឯកសារមួយរបស់សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ Avondale College របស់កម្មវិធីសិក្សាថ្នាក់បណ្ឌិត។ ប៉ុន្តែសម្រាប់គម្រោងស្រាវជ្រាវថ្នាក់អនុបណ្ឌិតក៏មានលក្ខណៈប្រហាក់ប្រហែលគ្នាដែរ ដែលជាមូលហេតុដែលក្រុមស្រាវជ្រាវរបស់ អាឡាដាំង គិតថាវាសមស្របសម្រាប់ចែករំលែកដល់អ្នកទាំងអស់គ្នា ជាពិសេសអ្នកដែលមានបំណងដាក់អាហារូបករណ៍ថ្នាក់ក្រោយឧត្តមសិក្សាទៅសិក្សានៅបរទេស។ ដូច្នេះ ពួកយើងសង្ឈឹមថាអត្ថបទមួយនេះនឹងផ្តល់ជាគន្លឹះមួយចំនួនសម្រាប់ត្រួសត្រាយផ្លូវដល់អ្នកទាំងអស់គ្នា។
Purpose – The purpose of an initial proposal is to obtain sufficient information to be able to allocate supervisors and to ensure resources are available for the intended project. Therefore, the initial proposal does not need to be perfect and complete in all respects. A final proposal will be developed under supervision during the first year of candidature. These guidelines are provided to assist in developing a proposal of 6-8 pages in length that is detailed enough to allow the Research Committee to make a decision about whether the project can be supported within Avondale’s areas of research strength and available resources.
Title Page – Include a tentative title, your name, relevant qualifications, the name of the degree for which you are applying, and the date of application.
The following guidelines are not prescriptive and discipline areas may vary to some extent:
The title should be clearly focused, self-explanatory, and a clear description of the proposed research project. Some researchers seek to capture attention through the use of highly expressive or even cryptic titles but mostly this style is better kept for presentations.
The introduction may include a description of the research problem (potential or tentative), should be as clearly and unambiguously stated as possible, and to some degree linked to the body of information available in the field of study to be investigated. The connection between the available information and the problem should establish the importance of the study being done, and justify the need for the research. Attempt to write a purpose statement by completing the sentence: The purpose of this study is to …
Second, if you have conducted any form of literature review, then present either a brief review of relevant literature, or the areas of literature that you intend to review. If possible, the review should outline any key issues relating to the topic. Aim to demonstrate your knowledge of the intended topic and placement of the research in the context of related literature. The aim is to justify your proposed investigation on the basis of this project being the next logical step in understanding a significant issue relevant to the topic.
Finally, the problem could be stated in question form, dependent on the research approach being used and the purpose of the study. Quantitative research might posit a research hypothesis, whereas a qualitative or mixed approach may use questions or equivalent. Outline what are the research questions to be addressed?
This section indicates how the study is to be structured in order to address the problem by answering the posited questions or hypothesis. There may be both “art” and “science” in the design being used within the study. In this section, all steps in the investigation process should be as clearly and sequentially delineated as possible. If subjects are involved, ethical concerns should be noted in this section. Though methodologies vary, the following describes one simple design process.
(a) Who are the proposed participants (or equivalent) in the study, and what procedures will be used to select these participants (or equivalent).
(b) What proposed methods and/or instruments will be used in the study, and how are these methods and instruments to be chosen or developed and/or trialled?
(c) This section describes the way in which the study will be set up so that data can be gathered, organised and analysed.
Analysis of data
This section is optional and if available may include how the findings will be organised for relevancy to the topic and research questions, and to the overall research approach. Use may be made of spreadsheets or tables, or emergent themes and indicators, etc.
Significance of the study
A description of the importance and timeliness of the study may include an anticipation of what the results will mean for knowledge or theory in the field of study (in a local situation and/or more general situation), and its relationship to further research that may emanate from this current study. This is the place to persuade your readers about the need for this project.. Finally, highlight any perceived benefits, limitations, and expectations relating to the project.
A non-print format for the submission of the PhD thesis is expected to meet the same criteria for examination, although the format in which the thesis is submitted varies from that above. The non-print thesis comprises three components (a) the framing paper; (b) the non-print medium of practice-led research (e.g., exhibition of paintings); and (c) a print thesis component of 40-50,000 words. Components (a) and (b) contribute 50% to the overall result, and component (c) contributes 50%. As with the print thesis, the non-print thesis is expected to engage with theory, take a place in a field, and move the field forward. The non-print thesis follows a sequence suitable to the study and includes objectives, methodology and methods employed in the study.
A comparison between the structure of a print thesis and the non-print thesis, in simple terms, might be:
Visual Arts Non-Print Thesis
Review of literature
Review of art
Materials and methods
Process of making the art or the theoretical framework the author-artist has used to construct their work or to interrogate their praxis
Examined work of art itself, and/or some representation or description of it.
Critical discussion of the author’s work
Source: Adapted from Paltridge, B., et al. (2010)
List key references essential to the project and which you may have referred to in the proposal.
Paltridge, B., Starfield, S., Ravelli, L., Tuckwell, K., & Nicolson, S. (2010). Academic writing in the visual and performing arts: The practice-based doctorate as an evolving genre. Journal of Art and Design Education (forthcoming).